The purpose of first aid is always to:
protect the unconscious
prevent a casualty’s condition from getting worse
facilitate the recovery of a casualty.
Phoning for assistance
The third part in the emergency action plan is telephoning for support. In any kind of emergency scenario involving sudden ill health or injury, it is crucial that emergency service organisations be got in contact with without delay. Call triple zero (000) immediately in order to activate the emergency services.
Any time a call is made to Queensland Ambulance Service (QAS) with regard to ambulance help, a skilled QAS Emergency Medical Dispatcher asks the caller various questions. Typically the questions will probably incorporate the following:
Just what is the exact location of the incident/accident?
What is the phone number from which you’re phoning?
Exactly what has happened?
How many individuals are sick/hurt?
What is the nature of the casualty’s injury?
Are you with the victim at this moment?
How old is the victim?
Is the casualty conscious?
Is the victim breathing?
Stay calm whilst giving an answer to these types of questions and ensure that your chosen answers are very clear and to the point. The QAS Emergency Medical Dispatcher will offer you first-aid directions and dispatch the paramedics. Do not end the call unless you are told to do this by the QAS Emergency Medical Dispatcher.
For all significant hemorrhage – determine and right away manage any serious bleeding. This basically necessitates the victim being examined from head to toe for you to discover indications of external hemorrhage. Bleeding is regarded as serious when it’s spurting or can not be controlled. Such major bleeding is a life-threatening situation that needs to be treated immediately.
After a victim has been examined and managed for any conditions that immediately jeopardize their life, a first aid giver can start a second review.
The process of a secondary review consists of three steps:
questioning the casualty as well as witnesses to the episode
continuing to look at the casualty’s vital signs
completing a head-to-toe evaluation.
A way of being much better ready for responding to incidents and emergency situations is to have an appropriate first aid kit handy. Firstaid can be carried out utilizing whatever gear is around, but using suitable, sterile and clean supplies is recommended whenever you can. A first aid kit needs to be air-tight and include a selection of dressings and bandages depending upon the environment in which they are for use.
QAS recommends the following items for a first aid kit in the house:
One packet of plastic strips
One roll of non-allergenic tape
A couple of sterile eye pads
Four triangular bandages
One conforming gauze bandage (10 cm)
One conforming gauze bandage (7.5 cm)
One conforming gauze bandage (5 cm)
One hospital crepe bandage (10 cm)
One sterile combine dressing (9 x 10 cm)
One sterile combine dressing (20 x 20 cm)
One medium wound dressing (#14)
Two non-adhesive dressings (5 x 7.5 cm)
One non-adhesive dressing (10 x 7.5 cm)
One pair stainless steel scissors (sharp/blunt)
Two square gauze swabs
One pair forceps
One pack (10) latex gloves
One resuscitation mask
Two bottles eye irrigation (15 mL)
One container antiseptic cream (50 g)
One wound closure steri-strip
One stainless steel splinter remover
Onebottle antiseptic solution (30 mL)
Five alcohol swabs
One first aid hints book.
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