First Aid Tips

Nosebleeds

It can be a scary thing when a child gets a nosebleed. However, most aren’t serious and can be treated safely in your own home. When treating in your home, it is important to know what steps to perform to keep your child safe.

Firstly you should have them sit up with their head tilting slightly forwards, do not let them lean back as this can lead to further complications. You should then pinch the soft part of the child’s nose with your index finger and thumb. Hold this position for at least 10 minutes.

Seek medical assistance if the child has nosebleeds frequently, or if they may have stuck something up their nose. You should also seek emergency assistance if the nosebleed is heavy, or if the child experiences dizziness or fatigue. If the nosebleed is the result of a hit on the head or a fall, always seek immediate emergency assistance.

Broken Bones

A broken bone or a fracture is one of the most common injuries for a child. It is important to always remember that no matter how big or small the injury may appear to be, it is vital to have it checked out by a medical professional.

There are a few signs to look out for if you think that your child may have broken a bone. If you hear a snapping noise, or if there’s almost immediate swelling in the area, then a broken bone or fracture is highly likely. The injured part will also be difficult to move and will hurt if you try to do so.

After you have decided that the bone is fractured or broken, immediately remove clothes from the injured area and apply an ice pack to the area. After a few minutes, apply a simple splint, if you have one, and call for medical care. The child should not eat at this time, in case surgery is required.

It is almost impossible to prevent every broken bone or fracture. However there are a few ways to prevent unnecessary injury. For instance, use safety gates at the top and bottom of stairs. Also enforce safety gear rules and the use of helmets.

Allergic reactions

These can affect a wide range of people, including children. Generally allergies are nothing more than a nuisance, but sometimes a severe allergic reaction can seriously endanger a life.

Children will often complain of a runny nose, sneezing, itchy eyes or red bumps on the skin. These all indicate a mild allergic reaction which can be remedied with an oral antihistamine.

It is however when the symptoms turn more serious that the emergency services will need to be called. Symptoms such as difficulty swallowing or speaking, nausea, diarrhea or even fainting can all indicate a severe allergic reaction,and emergency services will need to be contacted as soon as possible.

Prevention is often better than cure. To ensure that your child is never placed in an emergency situation, have your child avoid all substances that are known to trigger a reaction. Keep an oral antihistamine on hand just in case, and ensure that the child as well as close family members and friends are aware of how to use it properly.